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Echocardiogram

Sunday, December 11th, 2016

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(((a) left ventricular hypertrophy (palpation, x-rays of the chest, ECG, Echocardiogram) .b) Angiotonia in retinianas.c arteries) Proteinuria and/or mild elevation of creatinine (up to 2 mg/d) .d) plates of blood (radiography, ultrasonography) atheroma in carotid, aorta, iliac and femoral. STAGE III: Symptomatic manifestations of organ damage: to) Angina pectoris, myocardial infarction or cardiaca.b insufficiency) transient cerebral ischemia, cerebral thrombosis or hipertensiva.c encephalopathy) exudates and retinal hemorrhages; (papiledema.d) kidney cronica.e) aneurysm of the aorta or atherosclerosis obliterans of lower limbs. Thickening of the arterial wall and the arteriolosclerosis are signs of benign hypertension in benign hypertension occur gradually vascular alterations in response to high blood pressure stable and maintained. These degenerative alterations to the walls of small vessels as the arterioles decreases the effective light, with the. consequent tissue ischemia, and increased vascular fragility of the brain, with risk of hemorrhage. In malignant hypertension occurs a destruction of the walls of small vessels when blood pressure rises very abruptly, produce acute destructive alterations in the walls of small blood vessels, along with remedial proliferative responses in lasparedes of small arteries. These alterations produce lack of blood flow through small vessels, with formation of multiple foci of tissue necrosis, e.g. in the kidney glomeruli.

Mainly affects hypertension to heart, brain, kidneys, and aorta the pathological consequences of hypertension observed above all in four tissues: heart. To increase pressure, left ventricular myocardium is hypertrophy. Given that hypertension is usually associated with a greater intensity of atherosclerosis, coronary flow may be insufficient, and produce ischaemic unacardiopatia. Left ventricular failure is a common consequence of heart disease hypertensive. brain.

Hypertensive patients are particularly susceptible to intracerebral hemorrhage due to breakage of intracerebral vessels. The lesion of small vessels of the brain hemispheres produces microinfarcts shaped small areas of brain destruction filled with liquid (lagoons hypertensive). kidney. (Not to be confused with endocrinologist!). The arteriolosclerosis produces progressive ischemia of the nephron, which ends up destroying the glomeruli, and atrophy of the tubular system.