Contemporary History of Spain

The promulgation of the Constitution of 1812, by Salvador Viniegra (Museo de las Cortes de Cadiz).
The contemporary history of Spain is the period of history that runs from the War of Independence in 1808 until today. War of Independence, opened what is known as the Crisis of the Old Regime, the old regime, largely matching the modern age is undermined not only by the entry of Napoleonic army that allowed the entry and establishment in a principle part, of liberal ideas, but after the reign of Fernando VII in a long process that brought democracy to Spain. Ferdinand VII, at the end of his reign, he was aware that it could not contain the advance of liberal ideas for long.
However, the first steps of democracy were dotted reactions from anti-conservative as the Carlists. Sometimes opposition to democracy is not directly confronted with it but was part of it and takes advantage of it to power. Examples of this are the conservatives who helped the day free, so hated by them but, ultimately, used by them. But the best example of integration of conservatism in this democracy is the warlords. By which the votes of people in the lowest class were purchased by the warlords in order to achieve higher levels of power and the conservative party that won, not knowing that this kind Convenia vote to another party.
Volunteers during the Spanish-American War in Cuba. American intervention destroyed what little remained of the old Spanish Empire.
During the War of Independence the colonies had been accustomed to govern themselves and were rebelling one by one. The United States interests of safeguarding the interests of America with the Monroe Doctrine summarized in his famous phrase, to “America for Americans” preventing 100,000 children from San Luis in Spain that if they acted to restore the absolute power to the king to intervene in America. Finally in 1898 Spain lose its last colony of the Philippines, Cuba and Puerto Rico by the intervention, once again, the United States.
However, the beginnings of democracy all parties saw sprinkled with corruptions and false promises hindered considerably the image of this. Spanish democracy maduraria not until 1975 with the death of dictator Francisco Franco, and not before being stained with blood during the Second Republic from continuing clashes between cedistas and anarchists on one side and communists on the other, also in the Revolution of 1934 not Asturias accept the opposition victory cedista classes and finally in 1936 did not accept the conservative Popular Front’s victory, leading a military coup that not all triumph in Spain and was brought into a bloody civil war that ended with a dictatorship of almost forty years, from 1939 to 1975.
Republicans soldiers during the Battle of Guadalajara during the Spanish Civil War.
As this recent times and the “injured” even open the neutrality of the bibliography from 1931 to 1975 is scarce. The cold war led to the Franco regime was good for his fervent anticommunism seen despite the lack of freedom, defended the right of the United States and United Kingdom, the new leader of the allies with the capitalist and democratic Europe. On the other hand mitifica the Second Republic as a democracy in which all citizens were free and equal, something that was theoretically true, but in practice were unable to express the ideology of political intolerance that prevailed among the acratas, communists and Conservatives only caused death and devastation. In 1975 decades after the dictatorship was largely frowned upon and condemned, often without regard to the previous situation during the Second Republic. Although the republic was willing to make reforms, judicial and educational fair, some of these would cause problems. The case of the reform is implemented in a land too fast, radical and sweeping, causing irritation of the conservative sectors. On the other hand, but were applied or not happy with the working class or peasant, these were raised against the Republic worsen the situation.
Inside a 2 euro coin of Spain. In 1999 he began to use a large part of the European Union (the Euro), the euro currency as financial. In Spain would not be until 2002 when it might be used daily.

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