Edom Edom (

Edom Edom ( in Hebrew Edom, Tiberian Hebrew Edom) is pronounced like the biblical word for red and, by extension, is usually used to describe the red sandstone of Edom. Edom is also an alternative name means hairy as Esau in Genesis 25:25 Bible In Genesis 25:30 Jacob said to his brother prepared a red dish (lentils) and rights Esau sold his birthright for red pottage, and that that Esau was also called Edom. The book of Genesis mentions the word “red” several times in reference to Esau, thus establishing a connection between the red and he, also because of his reddish hair. Esau’s descendants were called Edomites, and so the place inhabited, so the land became known as Edom. Later the Edomites Edomites were called by the Romans.It is usually located in the land of Edom mountains east of Wadi Arabah on the southern border of Jordan and Israel, extending to the north of the Arabian peninsula. Edom occupied the mountainous region southeast of the Dead Sea, originally called Mount Seir (meaning hairy) another allusion to the name of Esau which means hairy as a fur coat to see (Genesis 25:25) and later known under the name Idumea. And extremely rugged mountainous region. Its cities were important in Greek and Petra (meaning stone) and Sela (Hebrew) his capital, when Amaziah king of Judah came over she gave the name of Jocteel according to 2 Kings 14: 7 Asiongaber, Elat, homeland Teman friend of Job, Eliphaz and now the modern city Sefarat Sarafand in Lebanon. Until recently it was estimated, based on field studies, that the kingdom of Edom existed only from the eighth century BCEC., and were considered invalid references to this kingdom in the Old Testament, but recent studies, published in 2005 in the journal Antiquity, demonstrate the existence of a kingdom that worked the copper in that region and at the time of King Solomon. We found traces of copper mining during the XII and XI a. C. Samples were also important fortified buildings and metal production on an industrial scale in a city of at least one hundred buildings. Petra or Sela was discovered by Burckhardt in 1812, is at the bottom of a deep cirque excavated by the action of water on the northeast flank of Hor monde. The main gorge called Wadi Musa, a stream runs through this place longitudinally. The rocks have different colors from red to brown, purple and yellow, which adds beauty to the place. There are tombs and temples in ruins, an amphitheater, a triumphal arch. Most of these monuments date back to Roman times.Edomites is a general term that not only are the descendants of Esau, but all those who joined them as the Arabs in the V century BC Edom and seizing the second century C. Nabatean Arabs around 300 a. C. dominated the region and built the city of Petra (Sela) in Jordan today. Their capital was situated on a plateau on a rocky cliff is reached by a narrow gorge. Was impregnable. The inhabitants lived in the crevices of the rocks (Obadiah 3). At the time of Moses had fields, vineyards, wells and a road. Some Edomites settled in southern Judah. The Herodians were Edomites and many of the Zealots took part in the defense of Jerusalem. After that very little is said of them, for 70 d. C. Edomites disappeared completely from history.

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